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"Abydos yields more treasures"
Abydos yields more treasures
trefwoorden: Egypte - first dynasty - Abydos - Osiris
A team from the German Institute of Oriental Studies recently found two medium-sized clay pots south east of the tomb of King Den, the fifth king of the first-dynasty (3200-3050 BC).
The pots were found during excavations in Om Al Qa'ab in Abydos, 50 km south of Sohag. British and French archaeologists first explored the necropolis at Om Al Da'ab in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
According to the team's report, the recent finds are evidence of the religious significance of Abydos, which was known to be a centre for the worship of Osiris, the god of death and immortality.
Inside one of the pot there were fragments of gold leaf and a piece of azure, which were used by the ancient Egyptians for making jewellery.
Also found in the first pot was a three-centimeter human figure in bronze, squatting with his hands on a stele with inscriptions.
Secretary-General of the Supreme Council for Antiquities (SCA) Dr Zahi Hawas said that the figure might be an amulet or a seal.
Another five-centimeter statue of Osiris wearing a royal crown was among the pot's contents.
Dr Hawas said that several proposals have been made to develop the Abydos area within the next two years. A museum has been suggested for the display of stone pieces of the Ramses II temple that was uncovered at Om Sultan.
The fragments are presently in store in Sohag, along with photographs of monuments that were rediscovered years ago, although the desert had reclaimed them.
The German team has restored the tomb of King Den, which could be a tourist attraction for its fine example of an early royal tomb, Dr Hawas said.
Abydos could be made into an open-air museum and road from the tomb to the Osiris temple could be renovated, Dr Hawas added.
The ancient Egyptians held an annual feast for Osiris, during which stories of his suffering in this life were re-enacted. Abydos was also a popular pilgrimage destination.
Teams from the universities of Pennsylvania and Michigan are working on three sites at Abydos, and a German and a Swedish-German team are examining the Osireion, a huge granite structure, which is thought to be a cenotaph for the god Osiris.
bron: Egyptian State Information Service, 29 mei 2003